Environmental impact statement and Environmental assessment

The general principle of environmental impact assessment has been explained in previous post. Three outcomes resulted from judging the proposed project are FONSI, EA and EIA. EA and EIS document generally consist on three parts, introduction, description of proposed project and alternatives and description of the environment affected by the proposed actions.

The introduction part of the document will state overview of the project, the purpose, alternative actions, summary of important environmental aspects and the methods of assessment being used. The description of proposed actions and alternative will describe the actions, lists of stage conducted for the project. In this part, alternatives are also mentioned, including a “no-action” alternatives as well. Statement also include the projected actions if the project is not done.

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Check list application

I will give a very simple application of check list approach to identify the impact and gather all relevant information and value them in terms of importance and magnitude of the impacts. Suppose you are government official in your environmental agency in your city. You receive a proposed project to build a huge shopping mall in a certain area located in the center of the city, thus in a very crowded area. Identify and value the importance and magnitude of the impacts that may arise.

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Impact assessment: general principle

Impact assessment history began at 1970, it was the President, Richard Nixon, who signed NEPA into law, establish a national policy to encourage “productive and enjoyable harmony” between people and their environment. Because of that, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) was established with its main job to monitor the environmental effects of all federal activities, assists the President in evaluating environmental probles and determines solutions to these problems.

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