Civilization is the most important keword of this post. Through western civilization settled agriculture and the development of agricultural skills created a cooperative social fabric and spawned the growth of communities, as well as changed the face of the earth with its overriding impact on the natural environment. Civilization had contributed to the change of our natural landscape to more “artificial” one. Thus it produced both positive and negative impact to the natural habitat.
The main topic here is that, civilization convert something natural, natural environment to man-made environment, this as stated above, often only to make our nature become worse. Civilization according to thefreedictionary.com is an advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society, marked by progress in the arts and sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, and the appearance of complex political and social institutions or the type of culture and society developed by a particular nation or region or in a particular epoch: Mayan civilization; the civilization of ancient Rome. I note very important definition which is, mdern society with its conveniences. So, in he name of human development, often we destroy our nature without enough consideration or giving something in return to balace what we have altered.
An engineer is someone who is trained or professionally engaged in a branch of engineering. Several examples are environmental engineer, civil engineer, or mechanical engineer. Engineers use science, engineered science, technology, creative and logical thinking for problem solving. In some cases, the term engineer is sometimes refer to a profession dealt directly with society because an engineer is someone who apply his scientific knowledge to his/her design for particular project that associated with social need. Compare with that scientists whose often assumed to be people “behind the knowledge”. Their goal are to discover new branding of technology, methodology. People who work as engineers normally have an academic degree (or equivalent work experience) in one of the engineering disciplines, this often indicated by the title of .Eng behind their names, although this is not always the same.
Water supply and wastewater drainage were among the public facilities designed by civil engineers to control environmental pollution and protect public health. The availability of water had always been a critical component of civilizations.